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亞行發布首份PPP監測報告

2017-11-27

炉石传说吧蛋骑 www.zawan.icu 新華社北京11月27日電(記者劉紅霞)

    記者27日從亞洲開發銀行獲悉,亞行撰寫并發布了第一份成員國政府和社會資本合作(PPP)監測報告,其中,報告認為中國在該領域擁有廣闊前景。

  這份年度報告名為《PPP監測》,涉及中國、哈薩克斯坦、越南、泰國、菲律賓、印度、孟加拉國、印度尼西亞和巴布亞新幾內亞等9個亞行成員國。在后續報告中,亞行將囊括更多國家。

  報告重點關注四項指標:監管框架、機構執行能力、PPP市場成熟度、金融機構。通過跟蹤這些國家的PPP運營環境,亞行旨在為私營部門更高水平地參與PPP項目牽線搭橋。

  本年度的報告認為,能源領域是PPP發展最成功的領域之一,在所調查的9個國家中,熱能和可再生能源發電均占主導地位,水資源領域也是PPP項目投資的一大重點。相較之下,醫療衛生和教育領域PPP項目在該地區發展普遍緩慢。

  報告指出,中國擁有最多融資已到位的PPP項目,通過吸引更多私營部門企業參與,中國在PPP領域將大有作為。

  報告認為,亞太地區PPP發展仍面臨多重挑戰,包括如何加強融資機制發展、推動投資者的進一步多元化、開發一批可靠的PPP項目以及將PPP擴展至能源以外的領域。

  “PPP項目是亞太地區國家發展的重要驅動力,但這需要一個有利的環境才能取得成功?!毖切行諧ぶ形參溲灞硎?,“這份報告將有助于政策制定者和投資者做出明智決策,更好地管理風險,并確保為PPP項目創建一個更穩定的環境?!?/span>

  截至目前,我國財政部已會同行業部委推出三批共697個PPP示范項目,投資額1.8萬億元,其中已落地項目572個,投資額1.5萬億元。第四批共征集各地申報項目1226個,投資額2.12萬億元。財政部還下發通知,為PPP項目規范運作劃出8條紅線,嚴防PPP異化為新的融資平臺,推動PPP回歸公共服務創新供給機制本源。

 

ADB Launches First Annual Report Monitoring Progress of PPP Environment in Member Countries

MANILA, PHILIPPINES (23 November 2017) — Countries in Asia and the Pacific with developed financial markets, strong local financial institutions, and diverse financing resources are more likely to secure public-private partnership (PPP) projects, according to a new Asian Development Bank (ADB) report.

The Public-Private Partnership Monitor tracks the development of the PPP business environment across ADB member countries and provides insights for governments on structuring a sound environment for PPPs. This is the first edition of the report, which surveyed 9 countries in the region: Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. It will be expanded to include additional countries in subsequent annual editions.

The report aims to benefit both policymakers and investors by providing in-depth information and data on the business environment for PPPs over time, enabling infrastructure developers to assess opportunities across countries and sectors. Annual updates to the report will flag important reforms that could attract or deter investors, allowing policy makers to monitor progress in the PPP environment.

“PPPs are crucial contributors to the development of countries in the Asia and Pacific region, but an enabling environment is required for these projects to succeed,” said ADB President Takehiko Nakao. “This report will help both policymakers and investors make informed decisions, better manage risk, and ensure a more stable environment for PPPs.”

The report reveals that India, the Philippines, and Thailand have the most developed financial markets, which can provide longer-tenor loans (above 10 years) in local currency to support infrastructure. These markets also have a wide array of financing options including project bond financing.

The report finds that the PRC has the most PPP projects that reach financial close. But there is scope to scale up PPPs in the country by drawing on more private sector companies.

Among the key trends identified in this year’s report is that energy generation is one of the most successful sectors in developing PPP frameworks. Thermal and renewable power generation are the dominant sectors for the majority of the countries surveyed in the PPP Monitor. The water sector is also a major area for PPP investment, with over 40% of PPP projects in the PRC in this sector.

With private sector participation in social infrastructure sectors still relatively new, progress on social sector PPPs, particularly in health and education, has remained slow across the region. India is the most successful and has implemented several PPPs in healthcare, although other countries have also started developing future PPP projects in the social sector.

Challenges remain for further PPP development, including enhanced development of financial facilities, further diversification of the investor base, managing the risk of fluctuating traffic in transport projects, developing a credible pipeline of PPP projects, and expanding toward sectors beyond energy.

“There are many ways countries can overcome challenges to PPP development,” said Alexander N. Jett, PPP Specialist in the Office of Public-Private Partnership. “Among the solutions are greater use of credit enhancements to attract better financing terms, reducing restrictions on foreign ownership in PPP contracts, and introducing annuity payment systems that are based on performance instead of traffic volume to mitigate traffic risk.

“Strengthening the institutional capacity to screen and prioritize projects can also help countries develop a credible pipeline of PPPs, while the development of sector specific regulation for non-energy sectors would address concerns about key bankability issues, such as foreign exchange risk.”

ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, ADB is celebrating 50 years of development partnership in the region. It is owned by 67 members—48 from the region. In 2016, ADB assistance totaled $31.7 billion, including $14 billion in cofinancing.


Attachment:

ADB PPP-monitor.pdf


來源: 新華網、亞洲開發銀行
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